The Ten Virtues of Loudly Invoking the Name of Amitābha Stein Tibetan 724 and an Aspect of Chinese Nianfo Practice in Tibetan Dunhuang

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Jonathan A. Silk



Stein Tibetan 724 was earlier identified as a list of virtues of the Buddha Amitābha. A new reading of the document and identification of its Chinese source allow its re-identification instead as a list of the virtues of invoking the Buddha Amitābha in a loud voice. The article offers a corrected transcription of the manuscript, presents and examines possible sources, and suggests the most plausible proximate original for the Tibetan translation, briefly exploring the practice of loud invocation as a Buddhist practice in medieval Dunhuang.

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